Summa Kitharologica-The Physiology of Guitar Playing (eBook + Online Video)
Functional Anatomy and Physiomechanics
Ricardo Iznaola's long-awaited Summa Kitharologica (vol. 1) is the culmination of three decades of deep exploration of the guitarist's playing mechanism and is the most comprehensive presentation of his thinking about these matters to date. Structured in three chapters, Chapter 1 surveys basic anatomy and physiology of the upper limb, with additional sections discussing general pedagogical considerations. Chapter 2, devoted to the right hand, presents detailed information r ...more
Product Number:
30041MEB
Format:
eBook + Online Video
Skill Level:
Not Applicable
Notation Type:
Standard Notation
Pages:
170
Binding:
eBook
ISBN:
1-6191-1536-0
ISBN13:
978-16191-1536-1
Publisher:
Mel Bay Publications, Inc.
Date Published:
10/6/2015
Ricardo Iznaola's long-awaited Summa Kitharologica (vol. 1) is the culmination of three decades of deep exploration of the guitarist's playing mechanism and is the most comprehensive presentation of his thinking about these matters to date. Structured in three chapters, Chapter 1 surveys basic anatomy and physiology of the upper limb, with additional sections discussing general pedagogical considerations. Chapter 2, devoted to the right hand, presents detailed information regarding digital joint behavior in general and as applied in actual activity on the guitar, as well as introducing an analytical system to study and describe positional attitudes, or `frames', adopted by the hand in the course of playing. Chapter 3 discusses at length left-hand physiomechanics, taking the concepts of shifting and mobility as fundamental categories encompassing all aspects of left-hand technique. Twenty-six anatomical figures, over fifty photos and more than sixty musical examples, with access to online video amply illustrate the text.

"In the spirit of ground-breaking scientific pioneers, celebrated performer and pedagogue Ricardo Iznaola offers the guitar world the first volume of Summa Kitharologica, a comprehensive and highly insightful examination of guitar technique in a remarkable mixture of soaring erudition and down-to-earth practical and applicable approaches to the instrument. Like a modern-day Charles Darwin of the guitar, his insatiable passion for discovery, keen eye of the `naturalist' and relentless analytical mind have carefully and methodically recorded previously little-known or little-recognized observations, relationships and nuances about the natural principles at work in artful guitar playing. For guitar instructors, serious students and even advanced performers who desire to go beyond the `what' of guitar technique and delve into its `whys' and `hows', this may well be the definitive text." Henry Adams, former editor, Guitar and Lute Magazine.
Summa Kitharolgica, Volume 1 The Physiology of Guitar Playing

PREFACE 6

CHAPTER 1 9

Section 1. Musculoskeletal Framework 10

Nourishment 12

Control Systems 13

Types of Muscle Contraction 17

Section 2. Limb Joints – Anatomy and Movements [video clips 1-1 to 1-5] 18

Planes of Motion 19

Joint Movements 19

Arm Muscle Location 20

The Shoulder Girdle 21

The Shoulder Joint 22

The Elbow, Forearm and Wrist Joints 24

Digit Joints 27

Finger Movements 29

Thumb Movements 31

Forearm Muscles and Functions — Extrinsic Muscles 32

Hand Muscles and Functions — Intrinsic Muscles 32

Summary of Basic Anatomical Terms and Abbreviations Related to the Hand 33

Further Exploration of the Physiomechanics of Digital Movement 34

Anatomical Constraints to Digital Movement 41

Section 3. Motor Function, Proprioception and Muscle Metabolism 44

Muscular Innervation 45

Types of Muscular Fiber 46

Muscle Spindle 46

The Body’s ‘Sixth Sense’: Proprioception and Kinesthesia 46

Muscle Metabolism 47

Leverage 48

Section 4. General Pedagogical Considerations 50

Tension and the Experience of Mastery 50

Sitting Down to Play the Guitar 52

Static Effort and Dynamic Work When Using the Footstool 52

Anthropometrics and Guitar Playing 53

Nails 53

Leverage Conditions in Holding the Guitar 55

A Kinesiological Approach to Motor Training on the Guitar 56

Somatic Training 58

The Pathology of Guitar Playing 60

Training for Virtuosity 64

 

CHAPTER 2 65

Section 1. Physiomechanical Aspects of Right-Hand Technique 66

Arm Support and Stroke Type 67

Physiomechanics of Right-Hand Fingerwork 68

Section 2. A Positional Framing Approach to Right-Hand Fingerwork [video clips 2-1, 2-2] 82

Theory of Positional Framing 83

Positional and Framing Charts 97

Section 3. Mobility [video clip 2-3] 101

Shifting: Arm-Wrist-Finger Interaction 102

Physiomechanics of Arm Shifting: Leverage 103

Various Approaches to Right-Hand Technique 105

Angle of Inclination of the Guitar and its Effect on Right-Hand Approach 105

Section 4. Compendium: The Talented Hand – Positional Framing Analysis [video clip 2-4] 107

Carcassi: Etude Op. 60, No. 1. Positional Framing in Scalar Passages 107

Arpeggio to Scales 109

Arpeggio to Repeated Notes 110

Interpositional Arpeggios 110

Well-known Arpeggio Formulas 111

CHAPTER 3 114

Section 1. Physiomechanical Aspects of Left-Hand Technique [video clip 3-1] 115

The Poised Limb 117

Fingerboard Slant and Weight-Release 118

Redefining ‘Shifting’ 118

Form and Function 120

Section 2. Towards a Typology of Shifting [video clips 3-1 to 3-6] 122

Interpositional Shifts 122

Intrapositional Shifts 122

Compound Shifting 142

Shifts through Extensions and Contractions 145

Agility Issues 148

Fingering: Player’s Choice 153

A Technical Analysis of Left-hand Mobility in Fernando Sor’s Study Op. 6, No. 8 153

Section 3. Compendium: Limits to the Possible 154

Acknowledging the Limits I: Right-Hand Coordination Constraints 154

Acknowledging the Limits II: Tempo Constraints 156

Pushing the Limits I: Maximum Speed Shifting 157

Pushing the Limits II: Extreme Demands for Combined Finger Dexterity and Arm Agility 158

SOURCES 160

INDEX 166

ABOUT THE AUTHOR 170

 
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